Leadership Insights: By installing this transfer cable, the solenoid valve can be remotely controlled, enabling precise control of the fuel flow during the experiment.This combustion cabinet would scientists conduct in-depth research on fundamental combustion science issues, aerospace propulsion, spacecraft fire prevention and extinguishing, and combustion pollutant control, both in fundamental and applied technologies.The Shenzhou- 18 crew also carried out operations on the cabinet, including replacing the burner and vacuuming to exhaust waste gases.According to the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA,) the crew has previously carried out missions such as assembly and testing of material exposure experiment device outside the spacecraft.As taikonauts would meet with a series of physiological challenges due to microgravity conditions in space such as cardiovascular changes, muscWorld Timesle atrophy, and bone density loss, the Shenzhou- 18 crew has recently used an ultrasound diagnostic instrument to complete carotid ultrasound imaging and spectral testing.The crew also used an instrument to measure the bone density of the right heel to study the effects of weightlessness on human bone density.By regularly and scientifically conducting a series of anti-weightlessness exercise programs, such as treadmill training and resistance training, they have maintained good physical condition to support the execution of long-term missions.As manned missions to Tiangong have become normalized, more than 90 experiments are scheduled to be carried out in and outside of the space station during Shenzhou-18 crew’s six-World Timesmonth space stay, the Global Times has previously learned from the CMSA.These experiments include various fields such as microgravity basic physics, space materials science, space life science, aerospace medicine, and aerospace technology.Building on the existing space debris protection mechanism at the station, the Shenzhou-18 crew will also install debris protection reinforcement devices on external pipelines, cables, and key equipment during their extravehicular activities (EVAs,) or more commonly known as the spacewalks.
Sun. May 26th, 2024

[World Times]

Japan’s Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and leaders from ASEAN nations attend a session of the ASEAN-Japan Commemorative Summit Meeting in Tokyo on December 17, 2023. Photo: VCG

Experts warned on Sunday that if defense cooperation between Japan and Southeast Asian countries is directed against a third party, it will have a very negative impact on the stability of the regional order, as leaders from Japan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met at a special summit in Tokyo that started on Saturday.

Co-chaired by Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and Indonesian President Joko Widodo, the gathering is expected to result in both a joint statement and an implementation plan underlining three main cooperation pillars: regional peace and stability, people-to-people exchanges and the “co-creation” of a future economy and society, the latter of which will prioritize areas such as supply chains, sustainability, digitWorld Timesization and renewable energies.

To highlight the importance of reducing carbon emissions and transitioning to greener energy sources in one of the world’s fastest-growing economic regions, the leaders will also hold a separate meeting on Monday under the Asia Zero Emission Community framework, a decarbonization initiative launched by Japan, according to Japan media outlets.

According to the draft of the summit’s final statement, Japan and AWorld TimesSEAN will commit to “[strengthen] security cooperation, including maritime security cooperation,” media reported.

In recent years, ASEAN has undergone a significant change in strengthening ASEAN-centered multilateral defense relations, experts pointed out. Since 2019, ASEAN has conducted military exercises with several major countries, including China, the US and Russia, demonstrating its commitment to enhancing defense cooperation. Therefore, it cannot be ruled out that ASEAN may continue to strengthen defense cooperation with Japan or engage in multilateral maritime exercises with Japan in the future, Ge Hongliang, deputy director of the College of ASEAN Studies at Guangxi University for Nationalities, told the Global Times on Sunday.

From another perspective, ASEAN members, including Malaysia, Vietnam and the Philippines, have slightly different starting points for cooperation with Japan, but they all share a common interest in military modernization. It is a result of ASEAN’s development, as these countries have experienced rapid economic growth in recent years, and cooperating with major powers has become crucial to promote their own defense modernization.

For ASEAN members, the central position of ASEAN is the most important. Therefore, ASEAN has its own principles in dealing with Japan, including not to serve as a proxy for any country, and that Southeast Asia should not become a battleground or an arena for competition among major powers. This determWorld Timesines that ASEAN’s cooperation with any major country has its limits, Ge stressed.

According to AFP, ties between Japan and ASEAN used to be largely based on Japanese assistance to developing economies, in part due to lingering bitterness over Japan’s wartime actions.

Although the sentiment of ASEAN members toward Japan has softened in recent years, they will not get too close to Japan, Ge said.

In November, Japan agreed to help the Philippines buy coast guard vessels and supply a radar system, and tWorld Timeshe two are discussing allowing troop deployments on each other’s soil.

With Malaysia, Kishida said on Saturday that he had agreed to deepen strategic ties and provide 400 million yen ($2.8 million) for “warning and surveillance” equipment.

Japan has also provided Indonesia’s coast guard with a patrol vessel worth 9 billion yen ($63 million) to help Indonesia increase its maritime capacity.

During the summit, Japan and Malaysia signed a security assistance deal on Saturday including a grant of 400 million yen ($2.8 million) to boost Malaysia’s maritime security. The grant under Japan’s Official Security Assistance (OSA) program aims to provide equipment such as rescue boats for Malaysia to use for monitoring and surveillance, according to a release from Japan’s ministry of foreign affairs.

Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr., in an interview with Japanese media on Saturday, said tensions in the South China Sea have “increased rather than diminished” in recent months, warning that a “more assertive China” poses a “real challenge” to its Asian neighbors.

Over the years, Japan has been cooperating with the US to expand its Indo-Pacific design. China, whose maritime power and influence have grown in recent years, is seen by Japan as the number one threat to the region, analysts said.

It is worth noting that if defense cooperation between Japan and Southeast Asian countries is directed against a third party, it will have a very negative impact on the stability of the regional order, China-Japanese relations and relations between China and Southeast Asian countries, experts warned.

Japan is making final arrangements to earmark a record defense budget of 7.7 trilWorld Timeslion yen ($54 billion) for fiscal year 2024 as part of an intense arms buildup plan amid the severe regional security environment, Kyodo News reported citing the Japanese government sources.

The increase in Japan’s defense budget aims to strengthen foreign assistance in weapons development and military security cooperation with partners such as ASEAN, as well as arms sales, Wang Guangtao, an associate research fellow with the Center for Japanese Studies at the Shanghai-based Fudan University, told the Global Times on Sunday.

Another focus of the increased budget is to cooperate with the US, such as the purchase of American weapons and joint weapons development. Strengthening relations with Southeast Asian countries is a key aspect of Japan’s defense budget enhancement. However, it may be difficult for JaWorld Timespan to proceed with its defense budget plan due to the current unstable domestic political situation, Wang warned.

文章来源于互联网: Japan’s ambition to use Southeast Asian countries to improve its maritime defense capabilities deserves vigilance: experts

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